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Outline of Superconductive Electromagnetic Engine
This is the latest version.
(As specified in the homepage, I exhibited this contents onto the Net on 5th May, 2006.)
I make simple and plain explanation about the superconductive electromagnetic engine.
For details, see " Research on Momentum Order ".
Structure of Superconductive Electromagnetic engine of high frequency
We fix an electric current loop on a superconductive magnet and pile the loop on the superconductive magnet. We pass a ripple current (a direct current made by rectifying an alternating current) through the loop. As for frequency of the ripple current, the wavelength of the ripple current is about equal to the length of a round of the loop. The direction of the ripple current and the direction of the super electric current which flows through the superconductive magnet are supposed to be opposite. Then, electromagnetic force occurs in the loop by the magnetic field of the superconductive magnet. On the other hand, the electromagnetic force which the magnetic field of the ripple current makes in the superconductive magnet is neutralized by the characteristic of superconductivity, momentum order. The momentum order is that the motion of center of gravity of electron pairs which compose an electric current has momentum with a same size and change the momentum into momentum with the other same size all together. As the result, the superconductive electromagnetic engine of high frequency can use electromagnetic force to act on the electric current loop through which the ripple current flows. In this case, only one of the repulsive forces which act between two piled magnets can be used.
Principle of Superconductive Electromagnetic engine of high frequency
The reason why the electromagnetic force which should occur on the superconductive magnet is neutralized is that the magnetic field of the ripple current moving at very high speed cannot move the eternal current. That is, electron pairs composing an eternal current can do only the motion changing all together, following the momentum order in the direction of electromagnetic force, the direction perpendicular to the direction of electric current. As the momentum order is effective in the direction of the electromagnetic force, when adding the moving magnetic field which doesn't suit the motion following the momentum order, the momentum order regulates it. Because of this, if the Cooper pairs try to change their momentum in the direction of electromagnetic force according to the electromagnetic force, the momentum order neutralize the impulse (force×time) of the electromagnetic force.
As the ripple current is made by rectifying an alternate current, the speed of the mountains of the ripple current is nearly the light speed. On the other hand, as for the permanent current, as I think of the motion of electron pairs which receive electromagnetic force, the speed becomes later than the speed of the mountains. While the magnetic field of the ripple current gives electromagnetic force with different strength to each electron pair, the field passes the electron pairs.
Accordingly the strength of the electromagnetic force which electron pairs composing a permanent current receive from the ripple current is different according to the strength of the ripple current. The value of the impulse which each electron pair receives from the ripple current is different according to the height of the waveform of the ripple current, the strength of the ripple current.
Since the wavelength of the ripple current is equal to the length of a round of the loop, a magnetic field for one wavelength always acts on the superconductive magnet. The half of this wavelength is zero electric current. The impulse which the superconductive magnet receives from the zero electric current of waveform of the ripple current is zero. In each moment, the part of this zero impulse always exists at the superconductive magnet. Electron pairs with zero impulse cannot change their momentum. Since electron pairs must change their momentum all together, electron pairs in the other part cannot change their momentum, too.
Therefore, electron pairs and the permanent current which electron pairs compose cannot change their momentum in the direction of electromagnetic force. The electromagnetic force of the superconductive magnet which should occur is neutralized. Because the superconductive coil cannot get the momentum from electron pairs.
The superconductive electromagnetic engine of high frequency isn't against the law of action and reaction at all. Electromagnetic force acts on super electron pairs of a superconductive magnet according to the law of action and reaction. But, the acting electromagnetic force can't move the motion of center of gravity of electron pairs. An electric motor is using a similar phenomenon. The motor turns a pivot and gives rotary kinetic energy. Then, the motor itself must rotate when it follows the law of action and reaction. Nevertheless, its main body doesn't counter rotate. It is owing to the weight of the motor and fixing it to the floor. The momentum order only plays a part in the motor's weight and fixing.
Use of Superconductive Electromagnetic Engine of high frequency
You fix the engine on the frame of vehicles, convey the electromagnetic force of the engine to the vehicles and move them. I show the figure which shows launching an object by the engine as an example. You make an electromagnetic engine touch the bottom of the object and fix the engine to the object. You suppose the upward electromagnetic force by the engine to be "F". You suppose the force of the object given by the engine to be "f". The engine receives normal force T as reaction against giving force to the object.
The force to act on this equipment by the engine: P
By the law of action and reaction
After all, the whole force P becomes F.
When this F is bigger than the gravity which acts on the mass of the whole equipment, this equipment can be launched above. You can make antigravity. You can use antigravity technology.
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